THE JOURNEY

History and Archaeology

Norm Judd
30 Jun 2012 - 11:30
Outputs
History and Archaeology
Campbell Island Bicentennial Expedition: Monument Harbour eddies
A WRECK IN THE HARBOUR?
Lack of drift material in Monument Harbour

In January 2007, Chris, Matt and I clambered amongst the large boulders along Monument Harbour’s eastern coast to the harbour entrance.  We saw no flotsam.  I took...

Norm Judd
23 Jun 2012 - 11:30
Research Areas
History and Archaeology
Campbell Island Bicentennial Expedition: Monument Harbour
Campbell Island Bicentennial Expedition: The Maia in Monument Harbour
Campbell Island Bicentennial Expedition: Six Foot Lake descent from Puiseux Peak
Campbell Island Bicentennial Expedition: timber beam, monument harbour
Campbell Island Bicentennial Expedition: timber beam, monument harbour
Campbell Island Bicentennial Expedition: timber beam, monument harbour
Campbell Island Bicentennial Expedition: timber beam, monument
Campbell Island Bicentennial Expedition: timber beam, monument harbour
WHAT THE CAMPBELL ISLAND BICENTENNIAL EXPEDITION (CIBE) FOUND IN 2011

In December 2010, and January and February 2011, the Campbell Island Bicentennial Expedition, (CIBE) was on Campbell Island.  The cultural heritage team; archaeologists Steve Bagley and Nigel...

Norm Judd
16 Jun 2012 - 11:30
Outputs
History and Archaeology
Campbell Island : location of Monument Harbour
Campbell Island : timber beam in Monument Harbour
Campbell Island : timber beam in Monument Harbour
Campbell Island : timber plank in Monument Harbour
Campbell Island : timber plank in Monument Harbour
Campbell Island : timber beam in Monument Harbour
Campbell Island : timber beam in Monument Harbour
Campbell Island : timber plank and sea lions in Monument Harbour
Campbell Island : elephant seal in Monument Harbour
Campbell Island : timber beam in Monument Harbour
Campbell Island : timber plank in Monument Harbour
THE 2007 SURVEY

We arrived on New Year’s Eve 2006 and tramped to the site with guidance from Department of Conservation officer, Matt Charteris.

We found the beam on the west side of the stream from Six Foot Lake (see first image). A few rods and a small amount of timber were all that we could see of the beam (see second image). Then Matt found a plank of similar age on the east side of the stream.

...
Norm Judd
9 Jun 2012 - 11:30
Outputs
History and Archaeology
Campbell Island : log of wood,Monument Harbour, 1972
Campbell Island : log of wood,Monument Harbour, 1972

1972: Sixty years after the whalers, in January 1972, a weather station technician, Chris Glasson, tramped to a bay somewhere on Campbell Island’s southern coast.  Here Chris saw a large timber beam with iron spikes sticking out of the peat.  

It had been unearthed by wallowing elephant seals and Chris thought that the iron spikes protruding from the beam had discouraged the monsters from dislodging and...

Norm Judd
26 May 2012 - 11:30
Outputs
History and Archaeology
Campbell Island Bicentennial Expedition: 1810 chart of Campbell Island
Campbell Island Bicentennial Expedition: 1912 Campbell Is whaler picture frame
Campbell Island Bicentennial Expedition: 1912 Campbell Is whaler picture frame
EARLY EVIDENCE

1874: Among several Campbell Island wreck reports of the 1800s, is the following from the December 1874 edition of Nature translated from the French, being part of an account by a French Expedition to Witness the Transit of Venus on Campbell Island that year [iii].

Where was this supposedly metaphorical middle of Campbell Island?  

"While exploring the island they found...

Norm Judd
11 May 2012 - 17:00
Outputs
History and Archaeology
Campbell Island Bicentennial Expedition: South-western coastline Campbell Island
INTRODUCTION

Since 1976, my initial interest had been for the terrestrial historic sites of Campbell Island.  One wreck only was recorded on Campbell Island; that of the sealing brig Perseverance in 1828.  Two the crew of were drowned [i].   But over time I increasingly wondered about the bulwarks, parts of ship’s boats, planks and spars, old and new that had been seen in North West Bay in the mid to late ...

Norm Judd
12 Nov 2011 - 18:00
Research Areas
History and Archaeology
Campbell Island Bicentennial Expedition-lady of the heather ghost story
Campbell Island Bicentennial Expedition-lady of the heather ghost story
Campbell Island Bicentennial Expedition-lady of the heather ghost story
While we await the cultural heritage team’s report, I’ll entertain you with a yarn. 
 
I thought that this could be a ghost story: but that’s a populist approach and I don’t believe in ghosts.  There’s either a technical reason for what I’m about to tell you or the phenomenon was just simple coincidence.
 
When I first went to Campbell Island, my Dept. of Lands and Survey brief...
Norm Judd
16 Oct 2011 - 17:00
Outputs
History and Archaeology
Discovery of historic sod hut, Campbell Island Bicentennary Expedition
stunning view, six foot lake, Campbell Island Bicentennary Expedition
historic finger post, Campbell Island Bicentennary Expedition
native ferns, near Southeast Harbour, Campbell Island Bicentennary Expedition
historic shipwreck timber, Campbell Island Bicentennary Expedition

The basic reporting on the ‘what’ and ‘where’ of the Heritage Team’s work is nearing completion. Site records will be sent for inclusion in the New Zealand Archaeological Association (NZAA) Site Record File, which is the central repository accessed by the NZ Historic Places Trust, Department of Conservation and any researcher or other interested...

Norm Judd
5 Feb 2011 - 20:57
Candid Moments
History and Archaeology
Steve & Nelly

Expedition members are winding down their field visits, packing away equipment, samples and supplies for the return home and doing last minute checks on research to make sure there are no gaps that will definitely turn their results into toast on arrival home (after 9 February there’ll be no going back to Campbell Island for a quick look).

With all the bustle of closing down the expedition I am reminded of the 1916 Campbell Island farm station diary in which the headman wrote...

Norm Judd
2 Feb 2011 - 20:32
Research Areas
Terrestrial EcologyHistory and Archaeology
The Bivvy - 1981
The Bivvy - 2011

Many of the historic sites that were easily seen in 1981 are now obscured by scrub and other vegetation. I have included two images here that show the rate of vegetative growth on Campbell Island over the last 30 years.

The first image is one I took on my 1981 visit to the island. It shows posts and a central pole of what may have been a small tent camp from the early farming era beginning 1895 – a site now known as the ‘Bivvy’. In the middle distance are two...

Norm Judd
26 Jan 2011 - 21:53
Research Areas
History and Archaeology
Peat brick layer
Peat brick profile
Try works site

Yesterday the History Team of Steve, Nigel and Norm walked to a site believed to have once held a try pot or try pots for rendering seal or whale blubber. It’s not too far from Beeman Camp where we are staying and we are thankful for this as we still have lots of walking to do to finish our research projects by 4 February. (In addition, the average age for our team is 64.3 making ours the oldest team by far. We three agree our knees have seen better days and have talked about getting...

Norm Judd
24 Jan 2011 - 21:42
Research Areas
History and Archaeology
Timber pieces
Bottle

On 21 January, the History Team (Steve, Nigel and Norm) walked over to the North West Bay hut. This was our base for visiting nearby sites. In cold and blustery north easterlies the following day, we carefully traversed Sandy Bay avoiding ‘beach master’ sea lions (otherwise known in Met. Station terms as ‘monsters’) and then climbed 35 metres onto Complex Point. Pushing through tussock, ‘draco’ and fern, we arrived at the knoll at the end of the point....

Norm Judd
24 Jan 2011 - 21:27
Research Areas
History and Archaeology
Cave below bluffs
Cave entrance
Bowl contents
Contents closeup
View from cave

I left you in my last blog crawling through the draco in search of Fred Blogg’s Cave above North East Harbour.

We sidled below the long line of bluffs and the cave soon appeared above us; a dark, overhanging cavern offering shelter from rain and wind and the floor was dry. On Campbell Island this is a boon.

In the centre of the cave floor sat a large alloy bowl, its alloy lid anchored by a large rock. After photographs and measurements we carefully removed the rock...

Steve Bagley
20 Jan 2011 - 21:01
Research Areas
History and Archaeology
The old stove
GP
View from Farmhouse site
Tucker Cove Farmhouse

Yesterday I was at the Farmhouse site, which is tucked fairly snugly (as far as any place can be called snug on Campbell) into the gently sloping southern shore of Tucker Cove. Of course the house, woolshed and store shed are long gone and only the most durable bits and the stone structures such as the old boat haul-out give any sign that this was once the centre of life on the Island.

I was painting metal preservative on the old Shacklock ‘Orion’ stove under the...

Norm Judd
19 Jan 2011 - 21:13
Candid Moments
History and Archaeology
Charging up the hill

Many year’s ago, someone said I must try to find So-and-So’s cave on Campbell Island. I can’t remember So-and-So’s name but let’s say it was Fred Blogg. His cave was said to be high up on the northern slopes of Campbell Island’s North East Harbour. Campbell Island is remote. Fred Blogg’s cave is remote on Campbell Island. The last time someone went there must have been in the 50’s or 60’s. Or so they said. And they found an old enamel...

Norm Judd
19 Jan 2011 - 20:25
Research Areas
History and Archaeology
Nigel and Steve
Large sod hut in Tucker Cove

It’s interesting how one easily forgets feelings of dire dread. I’d tramped these island hills in all weathers; mapping and surveying historic sites on and off for over 30 years and the feeling of dread came to me then only once or twice - that I might not make it back to the warmth and comfort of the weather station. Now the station is automated, there is no staff - all cooking and heating facilities have been removed. We are actually camping inside a gutted building with the...

Alex Fergus
15 Jan 2011 - 21:02
Island Life
History and Archaeology
1888
1970
2011

This island of ours has a surprisingly rich and well documented European history, given how inaccessible the old girl is. Many of the previous expeditions and leisure trips have documented the island from the very early days of Subantarctic exploration. William Dougall and his Southland team were among the first folks to venture south on a photographic sojourn to Campbell...

Nigel Prickett
12 Jan 2011 - 19:34
Research Areas
History and Archaeology
Three whaling trypots
Three whaling trypots
View of Northeast Harbour
Shoreline stonework
A loose brick
Remnant of the wooden jetty
Looking down Northeast Harbour
The Maia at anchor

On a point at the head of Northeast Harbour on Campbell Island are well preserved remains of the 1911-14 Cook whaling station. The island was the last frontier of the New Zealand right whale industry, which began in the 1820s at Preservation Inlet and Te Awaiti, Tory Channel. In only a few years most stations brought to an end the ancient winter use of their bay or harbour by calving female right whales. For 30 years before 1964 not a single right whale was reported on the New Zealand...

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